Gutta-percha solvents are used for both root canal filling and removal of root canal filling materials. A method is presented in which four gutta-percha solvents (chloroform, xylene, Endosolv-E, and orange terpenes) were compared for their effect on three brands of gutta-percha. Chloroform was the most effective solvent for all gutta-percha brands tested. D.M.S. gutta-percha was twice as soluble in chloroform as Hygenic while De-Trey was less soluble than either of the other two brands. Endosolv-E is a relatively efficient solvent for De-Trey gutta-percha.
- To remove all types of root canal filling materials including Zinc-Oxide-Eugenol cement
- Fitting of the primary gutta percha point in root-canal filling techniques using the lateral condensation method.
- Retreatment after root canal filling by gutta percha condensation.
- For removing gutta percha at the time of root canal re-treatment.
-Non hazardous/non carcinogenic unlike chloroform/trichloroethylene.
-Less volatile as compared to chloroform / trichloroethylene.
-Based on natural substances d-limonene, doesn’t cause irritation to oral mucosa and periapical tissue.
-Evaporation of solvent is less due to low volatility.